Orthotics – What Are They?

This is a branch of medicine. They deal with the manufacture and use of orhoses, or orthotics. These devices are used to help correct a person’s function and posture. They are developed to help patients with many conditions, from having a congenital deformity to a stroke. This branch of medicine serves to minimize pain, maximize mobility and function, and prevent progression of a physical abnormality. One example of an orthotics is an insole that is placed inside their shoe to cushion and support the foot to help prevent leg and foot pain.

It is possible to create prefabricated orthotics or customize them for the patient. You can find many of the ready-made ones in drug stores and department stores. Other ready-made orthotics can include braces for your ankle, wrist, or knee to support compromised joints. You should only wear those that comfortably fit because if they do not then they could cause more problems than they fix. Orthotics can also be custom fit. One example of a custom fit orthotic is a cast, which is used to immobilize and support a broken bone while it heals. Some of the other custom orthotics may be similar to ready-made ones but they are designed to fit the patient flawlessly.

Orthotics can also be used to address a certain medical problem or malformation. They can even be used to support your body and provide comfort in your everyday activities. If you are one who has a rigorous job or participates in regular sports activities may benefit from orthotics directly. If you have to spend a lot of time on your feet, you may get benefit from having insoles. If you do heavy lifting, you may benefit from a back brace. With orthotics, there is a variety of functions, sophistication, and prices in these medical devices. Orthotics can be made of metal, elastic fabric and plastic, or leather. Depending on what their specific condition or concerns the level of support will depend on the patient’s needs.

Before purchasing any ready-made orthotics, make sure that you know what you are purchasing and what the purpose is. Take the time to read the package to make sure that you are getting exactly what you need. If there is any doubt as to what you need take time to see your physician to find out what they recommend.

Because many jobs today require a person to spend most of their job on their feet on concrete floors. This can be very hard not only on your feet but also on your legs, hips, and back. You can either purchase some ready-made insoles for your shoes or you can see your podiatrist and have them custom made to give your feet, back, and legs relief while working.

Essential Facts To Know About Vitamin K

When it comes to health, most individuals make sure that they obtain the right nutrients and minerals. However, there are some instances when individuals neglect certain nutrients like Vitamin K.

Like other vitamins, Vitamin K plays a huge role in making the mind and body strong and healthier. To know more, below are some facts you need to know.

Why individuals need Vitamin K

When talking about vitamins, almost all individuals know that vitamins are essential in helping make the body and mind healthy and strong. Apart from that, nutrients like Vitamin K can also provide other benefits. These include the following.

Protect your heart – First and foremost, it can help protect the heart. This is possible since it prevents calcification in your coronary arteries, thereby preventing cardiovascular disease.

Prevent osteoporosis – It also known to prevent osteoporosis since it can help improve bone density. This is achieved since Vitamin K serves as the biological “glue” that helps plug calcium and other important minerals into your bone matrix.

Reduce the risks of cancer – Lastly, it is also known to reduce the risks of cancer by slowing down the growth of cancer cells. In addition, Vitamin K has also been found beneficial in the fight against non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colon, stomach, nasopharynx, and oral cancers.

Types of Vitamin K

In order to get all these benefits, it is important to opt for the right type of Vitamin K such as:

Vitamin K1 – Vitamin K1 also known as phylloquinone is found naturally in plants, especially green vegetables. This type of vitamin K goes directly to your liver and helps you maintain healthy blood clotting.

Vitamin K2 – Vitamin K2 better known as menaquinone is made by the bacteria that line your gastrointestinal tract. This type of vitamin K helps improve blood vessel walls, bones, and tissues.

Vitamin K3 – Vitamin K3 or menadione is a synthetic form that can affect infants when injected.

Best sources of Vitamin K

To get the best benefits of vitamin K, it is imperative to look for good sources. Luckily, daily food items can be a good start. These include:

Vegetables like spinach, asparagus, and broccoli
Beans and soybeans
In case that you wish to obtain vitamin K and other essential nutrients which can help boost your body and mind, individuals can also opt for supplements. Fortunately, there are companies that offer amazing supplements to ensure that you can improve your health and boost your performance at the same time.

7 Health Benefits of Turmeric

When it comes to herbal remedies, few can match up to the health benefits offered by turmeric which is part of the rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant. Turmeric is part of the ginger family and it has been used for centuries as both a cooking ingredient and as a health remedy in Southeast Asia, and it’s high time it gets the recognition it deserves around the world.

To help you become more familiar with this herb, we will list the well-known benefits of turmeric and curcumin. Below are 7 health benefits you can gain from including turmeric into your daily diet.

1. It has Anti-Inflammatory Properties

Turmeric has high levels of anti-inflammatory properties which will help reduce swelling significantly and prevent further inflammation in the future. This makes turmeric a highly effective remedy for health problems such as arthritis and other joint pain.

2. Strengthens the Immune System

Turmeric contains a compound known as lipopolysaccharide. This compound helps build up your body’s immune system. The turmeric herb itself contains antibacterial and antifungal properties that will further help boost your immune system and help prevent common ailments such as colds, coughs and flu. These nutrients also transfer to your baby during breastfeeding and will help in preventing ailments from developing.

3. Lowers Cholesterol Levels

Turmeric has been proven to help regulate cholesterol levels in the body. This can lead to a healthier heart and effectively lower the risk of developing heart disease in the future.

4. Lowers the Risk of Osteoarthritis

Turmeric is well-known for its anti-inflammatory capabilities which is why it is often used as a remedy for arthritis and joint pain. Including turmeric into your daily diet can effectively help stem arthritis problems in the future, a great way to help strengthen bones and joints early on.

5. Helps Prevent Cancer

While studies are still being conducted to this day, medical researchers have found great potential in turmeric when it comes to halting or slowing the spread of cancer cells in the body. Research has shown that turmeric can actually halt the growth of angiogenesis and metastasis which are the two main symptoms of cancer.

6. It may Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease

It is true that there are no known cures for Alzheimer’s disease, but turmeric and curcumin might hold the key to the next best thing; which is prevention. One of the main causes of Alzheimer’s disease are the protein tangles called amyloid plaques that block the nerve cells of the brain. Curcumin can have positive effects on the brain as it can dislodge and clear these blockages.

7. It has Anti-Aging Capabilities

Thanks to turmeric and curcumin’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, they are now being looked at as a way to slow down and prevent age related health risks. This is due to the fact that two major factors of aging are connected to the body’s ability to burn fat and the higher risk of inflammation. Put two and two together and you have what could be the answer to retaining health and energy, even during the twilight of your life.

Vitrectomy 101 – Surgical Procedure

Common causes of a vitrectomy

Most of the time, a vitrectomy is used so that a surgeon can have access to other areas of the eye without it getting in the way. For example, scar tissue on the retina or other problems with the retina, such as retinal detachment, will result in a patient having to undergo a vitrectomy so that the surgeon can access the retina easier to solve other problems.

Other conditions are also cause for a patient to undergo this procedure. The most common reason that patients need a vitrectomy related to the vitreous humour is a haemorrhage. The blood gets into the gel like material, and then it does not clear up on its own, resulting in impaired vision that can only be fixed with a vitrectomy.

The surgery

Most patients are concerned, curious or both about the surgery itself. There are so many options, that this should be discussed during a visit with the surgeon. Some doctors only numb the eye and the patient is awake during the procedure while others may be completely knocked out.

This procedure is usually done on an outpatient basis, but some patients may wind up spending the night at the hospital. The only way to tell is to discuss the surgery with the doctor that will be performing it.

Replacing the vitreous humour

This another area of concern for many patients. It makes sense that if something was there to fill that space, something not being there may cause problems. Surgeons make sure that there are no complications by injecting an air bubble or an oil bubble into that space. If an oil bubble is used, it is often removed and replaced by an air bubble after the eye has healed. This helps to keep the structure of the eye as it should be.

Vision after surgery

Many patients fear that they will not be able to see after surgery on their eye. Realistically, patients will not know what their vision will be until a few weeks after the procedure. Most patients will have to use antibiotic eye drops for a week or two, and anti-inflammatory eye drops for several weeks.

Individuals that were experiencing vision problems before the surgery will most likely see a significant improvement if the surgery was successful, and there is a high rate of success for these procedures for multiple conditions.

Patients are encouraged to discuss this with their doctor, as that is the only person that knows the reason for them having this surgery, and, because of this, they can give a much better answer.

This procedure can be scary, especially for individuals that have never had surgery before. The thought of a mistake being made is enough to make anyone feel anxious, but the chance of this happening is extremely small. These procedures have an extremely high success rate, and often help patients get back to living their live as they did before they started to have problems with their vision. The recovery time may last anywhere from a week to a few weeks, but most patients no longer need to use eye drops and are back to their normal routine in a few months, if not sooner.

How Does The Flu Shot Work?

Medical experts recommend that everybody should get a flu shot before the peak flu season begins, which is from December to March. However, many people simply prefer not to take it because of the mistaken notion that taking the vaccine will actually give them the flu. There is a reason why people believe this.

It is a known fact that vaccines actually contain the virus that they are made to kill. This means, in the case of the flu vaccine, it actually contains the flu virus. This naturally triggers the question – won’t it then cause the symptoms in the person who gets the shot?

To understand how this works, take a look at how vaccines work.

How flu shots work

The influenza virus is first deactivated and then used to prepare the vaccine. About ten to fourteen days after you’ve received the flu shot, the deactivated viruses help to develop antibodies in your body. These new antibodies are strong and robust enough to prevent any new influenza viruses from invading the body. This keeps you safe from the symptoms of flu even during the peak season.

Are there any side effects of getting the flu shot?

Not everyone experiences any adverse effects after having received the vaccine. In some people, there may be some swelling in the area of the injection. Others may also get a mild fever or overall body ache. However all of these symptoms are very mild and easy to manage. Pain or fever medications or localized ice application are usually enough.

The side effects of the flu shot are far more bearable as compared to the symptoms of flu and the havoc it can cause to your personal and professional life as well as your finances.

Flu symptoms may include all or some of the following:
• Runny nose and sore throat
• Mild fever
• Weakness and fatigue
• Headache
• Severe muscle and joint ache
• Dry cough

In more severe cases, you may also experience sudden dizziness, nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath and trouble breathing.

Flu related complications

One of the most important reasons why getting vaccinated is strongly advisable is because it can protect you from many complications that are related to this condition. Some of the more common complications may include sinus infections, bacterial or viral pneumonia, asthma, dehydration and ear infections. Some people also suffer from muscle inflammation. All of these conditions can be life-threatening if not treated in time. Getting the vaccination can help protect you against all of these complications.