Are You Experiencing Painful Cramps During Periods?

Severe menstrual pain (Dysmenorrhea) usually occurs before the onset of your menstrual cycle. This pain is observed in the lower abdomen or lower back which can range from mild to severe. Dysmenorrhea can happen at either stage: beginning of the periods (Primary Dysmenorrhea) or after 1-2 years of women having periods (Secondary Dysmenorrhea).

I feel high pressure in the abdomen before periods. Is it due to cramps?

Yes, having pressure in the abdomen is a symptom of menstrual cramps. Other possible indications of menstrual cramps are as follows:
· Severe abdominal pain

· Pain in hips, inner thighs and lower back

· Nausea due to improper digestion

· Loose stools

Why am I having so much pain during my periods?

Menstrual pain basically occurs due to contractions in the uterus. When the uterus contracts strongly, it builds pressure on the blood vessels resulting in loss of oxygen supply leading to pain.

I have secondary Dysmenorrhea. Why does it happen?

Since you are secondary dysmenorrhea, it is important for you to be aware of its factors as follows:
· Endometriosis: A condition in which the tissues surrounding the uterine lining are present outside the uterus.

· Adenomyosis: A condition where the uterine lining develops in the muscle of the uterus.

· Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): A bacterial infection that originate in the uterus and spreads in other reproductive organs.

· Cervical stenosis: It occurs when there is a narrow opening of the uterus.

· Uterine fibroids: Uterine fibroids are round-shaped benign tumors that grow in the uterus.

· Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)

· Ovarian cysts

What can I do to get relief from menstrual pains?
· Take painkillers like Aspirin, Ibuprofen and Tylenol as soon as pain is felt.

· Place a heating pad on your lower back or abdomen or take a warm water batch for temporary relief.

· Take adequate rest

· Avoid caffeinated beverages like coffee, cold drinks, tea brews etc.

· Consume foods with low salt content

· Do regular exercise to lower chances of having menstrual pain

Medical Treatment:
· Your doctor may prescribe various hormone medications.

· Oral contraceptives are also effective in lowering the severity of symptoms.

· Nausea and vomiting can be treated through antiemetic (anti-nausea) medication. However, these symptoms disappear with the end of menstrual pain.

· Implantable contraception that release low progesterone content may help in reducing pain.

· In case of Secondary Dysmenorrhea, diagnostic laparoscopy other hormonal treatments can be done.

· A surgery may be required to remove uterine fibroids or broaden the cervical canal.

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